Julio Aracena, Felipe Benítez, Christopher Thraves:
The sitting closer to friends than enemies problem in the circumference
The Sitting Closer to Friends than Enemies (SCFE) problem is to find an embedding in a metric space for the vertices of a given signed graph so that, for every pair of incident edges with different sign, the positive edge is shorter (in the metric of the space) than the negative edge. In this document, we present new results regarding the SCFE problem when the metric space in consideration is the circumference. Our main results say that, given a signed graph, it is NP-complete to decide whether such an embedding exists in the circumference or not. Nevertheless, if the given signed graph is complete, then such decision can be made in polynomial time. In particular, we prove that, given a complete signed graph, it has such an embedding if and only if its positive part is a proper circular arc graph.